Oregon Football Analysis: The Blitz That Never Was

Think about this for a moment: the Ducks went to the National Championship with a first year defensive coordinator, first year linebacker coach, and a second year defensive line coach. Despite this youth among the coaching ranks, and despite being underreported by national media sources, the Oregon defense excels at creating turnovers, which is clearly a point of emphasis by the defensive staff. Let’s examine how they do it.

The Ducks play a lot of zone coverage in the secondary, but are not limited to that, jumping into man coverage, mixed zone and man coverage, and bringing pressure from each one of these looks. It is fascinating to see how the Ducks disguise their man coverage and blitzes by lining up in ways that mimic multiple coverage schemes.

Below is an example from the UCLA game last October. In the first nine minutes of game time Oregon lined up on defense by showing a mix of at least three coverages on a single snap, and a couple hybrids of those three coverages.

Cover 4 look that begins a blitz...that wasn't

From Video

Pre-snap Cover 1 or Cover 3 look. 

Above is the pre-snap look for the play I want to focus on. It begins looking like a Cover 1 or 3 because of the single high safety. At the snap, five players rush, showing a blitz look. But it is actually not a blitz, due to a HUGE twist thrown in by nose tackle (NT) Alex Balducci.

This “blitz” (above) is by both outside linebackers (OLBs), as shown via the orange arrows. Balducci’s fake rush (see yellow dotted line) keeps the attention of the UCLA offensive line inward, giving time for one or both linebackers to clear the edge. Then he drops back to frustrate any late or delayed crossing route over the middle. Going from five to four rushers all of a sudden makes this blitz…not a blitz. Blitzes are, by definition, five or more rushers, as I learned from the Grizzled Ol’ Coach (thanks Mike!).

The OLBs (orange ovals) are into their

From Video

The OLBs  are into their “blitz” paths, while the NT drops into coverage.

While the OLBs rush (orange ovals above), the corners, a safety, and inside linebackers (ILBs) are picking up the five receivers, as shown with the green and yellow dashed lines above. With the OLBs into their “blitzes,” the NT has reversed direction (green oval).

Good coverage on all the receivers with the slot crossing pattern covered under and over.

From Video

Good coverage on all the receivers with the slot crossing pattern bracketed nicely.

As seen above, the effect of this call is that five UCLA linemen are tied up with the two Duck defensive ends (see blue rectangle). Coverage is good on the receivers outside, and the crossing pattern by the slot receiver is taken away by the NT (green oval) and an ILB (green arrow). Meanwhile, pressure is coming off the edge, as Tony Washington closes fast on UCLA quarterback Brett Hundley (red arrow).

The trap is sprung.

From Video

The trap is sprung!

With opportunity knocking, Washington makes the hit (above) with help from T.J. Daniel, who shed a double team to reach Hundley. This pressure causes the ball to pop loose (see red circle above). Note how the corner in the upper left is still in man coverage with the wide receiver. Meanwhile, the two ILBs (green ovals) are occupying the middle and near side zones, keeping the slot receiver and running back in front of them.

Good defense set this up!

From Video

An opportunistic defense sets up the offense in prime field position.

So what is this scheme? Cover 1? Cover 3? Man-to-man? I can’t quite tell, and that’s a good thing, because opponents might not be able to tell either. As the video shows, the above play ended in a turnover, and ultimately led to Oregon’s first touchdown of the game. The Duck defense gets so little attention, but it deserves a lot of love for putting the sparking offense on a short field many times throughout the course of the season.

As many of you know, the Oregon defense often faces criticism that it can’t play with the bruisers. These critics are simply interpreting what they see, albeit incorrectly. The Ducks rely heavily on team speed to keep opposing offenses in front of them. They then execute unexpected or unconventional tactics at a high level to create negative plays at opportune times, giving their explosive offense extra possessions.

“Oh, how we love to learn about our beloved Ducks!”

Jay MacPherson
Oregon Football Analyst for CFF Network/FishDuck.com
Eugene, Oregon

Top Photo by David Pyles

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