PAC 12 Spread Laboratory: How Chip Kelly’s Offense Can Learn From Mike Leach’s “6” Route

If there was a primary reason to adapt a spread offense, it usually would be a desire to put fast athletes into open space. The fact that the spread works hand-in-hand with modern zone-blocking schemes and the no-huddle system is just icing on the cake for any team that has made that transition from a traditional offensive scheme.

For Oregon, putting athletes into open space involves horizontal movement, and understanding that if an athlete can out-run his opponent, he can beat the defense to the sideline. If an offense can beat the defense to a place on the field, it can then create a blocking scheme that creates leverage from that spot.

Marcus Mariota could be part of the next renaissance of the Oregon Offense

Up north at Washington State, new head coach Mike Leach’s Air Raid system is designed to put his athletes in space vertically. That concept doesn’t get any more complex than the way it sounds. Leach literally has his passers throw the ball to open spaces on the field wherever the receivers can find the gaps.

This should stir up some memories of the old Run-and-Shoot offense,“ popularized in the 80’s and 90’s and widely used in the NFL by the Houston Oilers, Detroit Lions, and Atlanta Falcons.

Surprisingly, the true run-and-shoot is now a dying breed of football, but its concepts are alive and well, and will remain that way forever (much like how elements of the veer and wishbone offenses now permeate in the zone read attack). The Run-and-Shoot, or R&S, is a reactionary based-offense, where the quarterback and receivers work together to determine coverage and potential weakness in the defense.

Instead of using a variety of formations to gain leverage over a defense, the R&S lines up with four receivers and one running back on every play, and depending on which hashmark the ball is on will utilize 2×2 and 3×1 alignments exclusively. The attack implemented no tight ends, no fullbacks, no tazers; only four tacticians going downfield on nearly every play.

Who better to teach the basics of the Run-and-Shoot than the only coach still living true to the R&S, June Jones of SMU.

Jones is describing the GO Package, a series of reads done by the QB and the receivers to literally shred any coverage a defense can may use. If the defenders drop deep, the receiver cuts his route down. If the defenders stay close, the receiver gets upfield for the fade route. Should the defense shade inside, the receiver goes outside, and vice versa. The underlying theory is that a defense can never stop a perfect pass. Should the offense correctly identify the coverage, and the QB and wide-outs are on the same page–look out, there is no stopping the play.

To put it simply, the new-age zone blitz scheme has killed the R&S. Previously, any time that a team blitzed the R&S, it would leave a man open. With zone blitzes, defenses can apply pressure without having to sacrifice downfield coverage, and all of a sudden, the R&S was rendered obsolete..

Its memory, though, is still carried on by the air-raid offensive schemes implemented in Pullman, Stillwater, and Ruston, amongst other schools utilizing this R&S evolution in the air-raid all out passing attack. Leach’s “6” route is the most ambiguous of all air-raid concepts, making it easy to draw comparisons with the R&S. The route is, again, simple: go to where the defense isn’t.

Sometimes the ball is hurled 50 yards downfield, sometimes it is plopped over the top of unexpecting linebackers, or the QB could laser a pass to his receiver’s back shoulder–completely out of reach from the defender.

In the 2008 matchup between Texas Tech and their rival Texas Longhorns, a last minute drive was capped by Michael Crabtree’s unbelievable catch and subsequent tight-rope walk into the endzone. That particular moment is generally known as the pinnacle of the air-raid’s fame.

Fittingly, the route that Crabtree ran was a “6.”

Marquess Wilson, the incumbent star Cougar wide receiver, will be slashing through defenses immediately under the “six package.” Leach’s offense has traditionally worked best when he has had one do-everything receiver to play pitch-and-catch with his quarterbacks. At Texas Tech he had Wes Welker, and Michael Crabtree. Now at Washington State, Leach’s offense is immediately a deadly weapon with the combination of quarterback Jeff Tuel, and Marquess Wilson, one of the top receivers in the entire country, a sure Biletnikoff Award finalist this year.

In the past two seasons Marquess Wilson has been one of the top targets in the Pac-10/12, in Leach’s Air Raid attack Wilson will be one of the top players in the entire country. Why? He’s a talented all-around receiver who can catch any ball thrown his way and is dangerous in open space, in Leach’s Air Raid despite defense’s best efforts Wilson will be in open space more, making him downright deadly.

Perhaps the next phase in the Oregon offense is utilizing some R&S style routes, taking the simplistic approach of getting their best athletes into open space downfield. It is only logical to put DeAnthony Thomas or BJ Kelley into the “six” system, something that may become a more standard element of head coach Chip Kelly’s scheme with new quarterbacks in place no longer handcuffed in scheme by Darron Thomas’ microscopic limitations.

With time to work with his young signal-callers, Coach Kelly has the ability to create an even more unstoppable offensive juggernaut, through simplicity. Oregon has world-class athletes, get them the ball in open space.

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Josh Schlichter

Josh Schlichter

Josh is a College Football enthusiast from sunny Southern California. He has written for several self-operated prep sports blogs, as well as multiple SB Nation sites. In High School, Josh played football for four years, and helped create and operate the team's no-huddle system. Most of Josh's football knowledge branches from watching College Football his entire life, and is backed up by his first hand experience in both option and spread offenses. Above all, though, he is a proud student at the University of Oregon.@joshschlichter

  • Johnsonc20

    Don’t forget to mention that the Run & Shoot was developed by Mouse Davis – coach at Oregon College of Education and Portland State University, where June Jones was his quarterback.  Mouse took the R & S with him wherever he went – in the pros and in major college football – and has been frequently been Jones’ offensive coordinator, including his first year at SMU.  I believe Mouse is back at Hawaii right now, as offensive coordinator again.  He doesn’t seem to age like a normal person.

    • Josh

      Portland State is another one of the few schools still devoted to the R&S. Norm Chow actually just took over at Hawaii, but Mouse is one of the legends of the R&S, no doubt.

    • WAduck

      Prior to PSU, Mouse coached at Sunset HS, then on to Hillsboro.  Needless to say, his offense at the HS level shredded defenses.

  • Go

    Josh, your article is full of info, but I’m not sure why Oregon would benefit from 4 verts…we don’t have the tall, world class WRs like Crabtree, and I think being so obvious about a passing formation would allow defenses to take advantage of smaller linemen. Plus, the system puts a lot of pressure on our young QBs to make the right throw. Leach has a good system, but he also hasn’t had a great RB so being pass-heavy makes sense.

    • http://twitter.com/joshschlichter Josh Schlichter

      First of all, the 6 route isn’t limited to 4 verts. It’s a route that is plugged in throughout the system.

      And Leach has had small receivers, and probably made one of the best “small” receivers of all time in Wes Welker while at Tech, so that doesn’t matter in terms of the 6 route, since it is only about finding space in the defense. It would be easier, yes, to have once-per-year caliber talent at Wide Out, but that really doesn’t matter with a good scheme.

      We aren’t obvious about passing formations (at least anymore), either.

      Also, Leach not having a good running back isn’t particularly accurate (Baron Batch was pretty talented for an Air-Raid back), in fact, it really doesn’t matter. He’s throwing the ball 80% of the time, and would prefer not to run the ball at all most likely.

      My train of thought lined up with the way that both these coaches practice, and create a system. Since Kelly has the ability to plug in whatever he wants whenever he wants, why not implement some newer passing schemes for more talented passers?