How Ohio State beat Oregon: The Wham/Trap Play

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A perception of the National Championship Game is that Ohio State pummeled Oregon badly on the ground, and in particular two plays hurt the Ducks the most. We will look at the first of the two of the major Buckeye running plays today, although we also know that the OSU QB played incredibly well against Oregon (especially on third down) and was a major factor in the Ohio State victory. No dispute from FishDuck on that point, as it is a component that we all clearly saw and that needs no further examination.

Skull Sessions with Grizzled Ol' Coach really chew me up.

Charles Fischer

Skull Sessions with Grizzled Ol’ Coach really chew me up.

The Grizzled Ol’ Coach, (Mike Morris) and I sat down for a couple of Skull sessions to break down these two plays, even though I usually do not study the opposing team’s success against my beloved Ducks. There have been so many erroneous or misguided statements made by Duck fans, thus it provides too good an opportunity to pass up for others and me to learn about defensive assignments. We have not covered this before, so let’s enjoy learning something new!

Coach Morris explained that you rarely see a true “Trap” play in college football because of the sophistication of defenses now being able to stop it. Teams that run the Spread Offense have created a variation called the “Wham” and was made famous by Urban Meyer when he was at Florida winning NCs with Tim Tebow. They would have an H-Back or TE block the nose tackle, and the center would go block the middle linebacker, and thus Tebow would power like a freight train right up the middle.  Coach Meyer created an offshoot of this at Ohio State, only with running their star RB ‘Zeke Elliott as the ball carrier, not the QB.

Watch the H-Back (Red lines) of Ohio State.

From Video

Watch the H-Back (Red lines) of Ohio State.

This “Wham/Trap” play is what the Buckeyes hurt Oregon with in the first half.  Note the H-back in motion (above) and how he is going to block on the first one past the “O” gap, which is head-up on the center. To best understand what we mean with defensive assignments, it is best to consider the “gap control” duties given to each player in the front seven of the Duck defense.

Gaps and Techniques

Gaps and Techniques

To learn more about Offensive “gaps” and defensive “techniques” you will want to refer to this short article of explanation or look at the simple chart above. The gaps are the spaces between offensive linemen, and the numbered “techniques” are the positions the defensive line would align at.  

"Flow" is to Oregon's left.

From Video

“Flow” is to Oregon’s left.

The green arrow above shows an excellent block by the OSU H-Back on Oregon’s nose tackle; normally the Buckeye would have been blocking DeForest Buckner (No. 44) but the nose tackle of the Ducks (Sam Kamp on this play) played a “1” technique on the right side of the center, thus he was the first defender the OSU H-back encountered, and hence is blocked. (The center let the nose tackle go in order to go out and block an Oregon LB.)

The red dotted line (above) indicates an important concept to learn about linebackers, and that is the playside “flow” side of which is going to the left side of the Oregon defense. In the Ducks’ gap control scheme, Tui Talia takes the “B” gap (No.55) and he is doing an excellent job standing up his man and is ready to defend the “B” gap. Note how Joe Walker (No. 35) is going to be coming around to take the “C” gap on the left side of the Duck defense (curved yellow arrow above).

The issue on this play is the straight upper yellow line above, as that linebacker needs to come up and take on the inside shoulder of the offensive guard coming out to block him. If this linebacker makes this play, the gap is plugged with the two of them occupying it.

It is all plugged but one gap...

From Video

It is all plugged but one gap…

The Buckeye running back can see that Oregon’s “C” gap on the Duck left side will be filled by No. 35, Joe Walker (above) while No. 55, Tui Talia, is in an excellent position to discard his blocker and make the tackle at the line of scrimmage.

The problem is the Oregon linebacker indicated above by the light blue arrow; he decided to try to evade the Buckeye blocker by looping around to his right — and he effectively took himself away from the gap and created a running lane for the tremendous runner of Ohio State, ‘Zeke Elliott. It is the only open gap and Elliott sees it and accelerates through it.

This angle shows it much better...

From Video

This angle shows it much better…

This screenshot above shows it all, as we see from the yellow arrow that Joe Walker is ready to explode into his “C” gap to plug the play, while Tui Talia to the left has done an incredible job beating the block and ready to plug the “B” gap. The green arrow shows the Ohio State H-Back blocking the Oregon nose tackle, (Sam Kamp) yet Kamp is positioned to plug the “A” gap.

To the left of the Buckeye QB, (No. 12) is DeForest Buckner (you can see one “4” of his No. 44) and Buckner’s presence prevents any cut-back by the Ohio State RB, No. 15. The only gap open is right in front of Elliott and he is charging through it. Where is the Oregon defender for that gap? He is the linebacker who looped around (light blue arrow  above) and opened up the gap for the Buckeye RB.

Pretty clear at this angle...

From Video

Pretty clear at this angle…

Elliott breaks into the secondary and runs for a touchdown in the first half of the National Championship (above). Everyone on the Oregon defense did his job, with the exception of the backside flow linebacker — who took a bad angle. It is easy for us to judge, but the linebacker for the Ducks was giving up 80 pounds to the blocker coming at him, and who also had two steps head-of-steam coming toward the Oregon linebacker. This linebacker is a freshman who was in the game to give the starter a breather, and thus has some discipline-with-technique issues to learn. If he crashed forward into that inside shoulder of the offensive guard — there is no gap, and no touchdown. It is that simple.

Oregon has them deep...

From Video

Oregon has them deep…

In the second quarter the Ducks came six inches short of scoring a touchdown and Ohio State took over on downs. On second down we see (red arrow above) that the Buckeye H-back is going to Wham-Trap again, only this time he will be trapping DeForest Buckner.

Oregon is beginning to plug the gaps nicely...

From Video

Oregon is beginning to plug the gaps nicely…

First note the flow of the play is going to left of the Oregon defense, which would make this the playside for the Oregon defense. We see DeForest Buckner (green arrow above) doing a great job of standing up the blocker and plugging that gap. To his left is Derrick Malone (No. 22 and yellow dotted arrow) who is charging into the backside flow linebacker gap beautifully and filling that for the Oregon defense.

The freshman linebacker (light blue arrow) has mis-read the flow side and is thinking he needs to plug the backside gap, thus is not in the position that Joe Walker was in the last play to fill the playside “C” gap.

A mis-read creates an open gap...

From Video

A mis-read creates an open gap…

Again… everyone has his gap filled in the Oregon defense except for the playside “C” gap, and the linebacker responsible (light blue dotted arrow) is far out of position to make a play. The superb Ohio State RB (‘Zeke Elliott, No. 15) is headed right to the open hole in the Duck defense.

Almost a beautiful screenshot...

From Video

Almost a beautiful screenshot…

The screenshot above is almost a thing of beauty; Buckner (black arrow above) has stood his man up, and Malone (yellow arrow) has filled his backside gap wonderfully. The double green arrows are Balducci and Armstead filling the “A” and “B” gaps perfectly and the “C” gap is wide open from the Oregon linebacker who mis-read the flow side (light blue dotted arrow above).

Defended well, but for one gap!

From Video

Defended well, but for one gap!

OSU RB Elliott busts into the clear for a 27 yard run that could have been stopped for a short gain.

A couple of items to finish with, and the first would be to give the Buckeyes all the credit due as they had made the blocks and their running back had the vision to find the open hole in split seconds. The second is to not call out the player who made the mistakes; he is a freshman learning and will become a great linebacker for Oregon in the near future. Remember that Kiko Alonso did not have the light come on until nearly half the way through his junior year.  It takes awhile to learn your technique and to recognize and follow your keys, and thus mistakes such as a bad angle or flow recognition are going to happen with newbie players.

Why didn’t we have more experienced linebackers stepping in? We had injuries and discipline issues at the position — thus the next man up is a promising freshman who made a ton of great plays for Oregon through the season. He will be better!

Rarely have we ever pointed out the great play of our opponent or disclosed Oregon errors — but this was a tremendous opportunity to learn more about recognizing “flow” and understanding gap discipline by the Oregon defense. Of course none of this happens without the Grizzled Ol’ Coach being patient with me as we howl at the screen during his technique lessons. What a joy and a privilege it is for me!

“Oh how we love to learn about our beloved Ducks!”

Charles Fischer  (FishDuck)
Oregon Football Analyst for CFF Network/
Eugene, Oregon

Top Photo by John Sperry

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Charles Fischer

Charles Fischer

Charles Fischer has been an intense fan of the Ducks for thirty years and has written reports on football boards for over a dozen years. Known as “FishDuck” on those boards, he is acknowledged for providing intense detail in his scrimmage reports and in his Xs and Os play analyses. He and his wife Lois, a daughter, Christine, and their dog (Abbie) reside in Eugene, Oregon, where he has been a financial advisor for 30 years serving clients in seven different states. He does not profess to be a coach or analyst, but simply a “hack” that enjoys sharing what he has learned and invites others to correct or add to this body of Oregon Football! See More...

  • Kim Banez

    A very nice breakdown. Good luck to the Ducks next year.

  • dave

    Fishduck Im a buckeye fan from Ohio, but I used to watch your youtube channel, you do a great job showing the chess match football is. i recommend everyone interested in X’s and O’s to check out his youtube

    • No…please do not check out my YouTube. We have all the 50 instructional videos on the site–look above at “Video” and click on it. (I would like the measly click here and not on YouTube) Thanks.

  • tristanh314

    Great breakdown Coach (and Charles). I recall when watching the game after the play on the last gif I turned to my friend and said, “#9 picked the wrong gap.” From this breakdown it looks like I was wrong, Armstead was playing his assignment. I suppose if somehow he had known where the middle linebacker behind him had gone he and Balducci could have slid their gap responsibilities over but it is a lot to ask for a player to have eyes in the in back of his head!

    Ohio State still had to make these pays happen. Against some teams these plays might still have been stopped by the Ducks even with the missed reads if a defender could have beaten their blocker quickly and gotten into the backfield. But the Buckeyes O-line was too good to allow that, and they have a stud running back with the vision to find the opening and the athleticism to turn it into a big gain. That is (one reason) why they are the National Champions.

  • Naples

    Really good analysis

  • BigBallzChipper

    Thank you Charles & Coach! I have re-watched this game now 5x. After the first two I started noticing the LB play was our weakness. However, I also started looking at the offense and noticed we tried multiple times to run between the tackles with not much success, but when we would run to the edges we had pretty good success there. I’m just curious if you have noticed the samething, and if so why didn’t we keep going there?

    PS: ( Please thank the Grizzled Ol’ Coach for me. I wanted to come out to the presentation you guys have today down in Eugene, but I couldn’t take time away from work.)

  • Rick

    Really good analysis, thanks for a breakdown to this level. As a Buckeye fan, I can surely attest to how important LB play is to a defense (we’ve had a few rough years lately).

    • BigBallzChipper

      Congrats on the win and see you guys soon!

  • deg0ey

    Great breakdowns as usual, although I have one additional question. In both gifs, Jones fakes the QB keeper after he hands the ball off – do you believe these were actually option plays and, if so, who is the QB reading?
    I’m wondering whether, had the LB in question chosen the correct gap to defend, the QB would/could have just kept the ball and made it to the second level himself. Probably not in the first example because the left side of the Buckeye line does such a poor job of blocking #46 (also #44, but he might’ve been the guy they were reading), but on the second play it looked like the left (from the OSU perspective) B-gap was open for the QB to run.

  • PDunc

    I was born and raised in Ohio, an Ohio State Alum and huge Buckeye fan.
    I’ve been enjoying your X & Os articles here for years though. I
    actually started checking them out when Urban Meyer came to Ohio State
    and I was looking to learn about his and other similar spread-to-run

    Anyway, one of the great things about the Wham/Trap
    play that OSU ran is that the TE blocking to the backside provides some
    confusion for the defense. It looks to me like, in the second play you
    break down, that the Oregon LB follows the TE to the backside which is
    what leaves the frontside C gap open.

    I look forward to learning more about both Ohio State’s and Oregon’s offenses.

  • themostbrian

    Fantastic breakdown. Really learned a lot from this.

  • BuckeyeBilly23

    As a devote Ducks Fan you are as I am a Bucks Fan, I can appreciate the pain at which is was for you to write this article and the article on the Counter. But I want to say bravo on how well this is done. I wish we had someone like yourself doing the same for our Buckeyes after each game. This is extremely insightful and extremely well done. As just a HUGE football fan as I am, this was a great learning experience. Thanks for putting this together.

  • oregon111

    great breakdown of front 7…

    but where is the strong safety?
    a good strong safety supporting the run would turn both of those plays into 7 yard gains

    it seems more than obvious that UM knew the weakness of the Duck D (inside LB) and exploited it — again and again

    which brings up another point: 2012 team had the defense – and linebackers to win a natty

  • Howard the Duck

    Right on Charles and Coach. Please keep up the great work.

  • KielWeiss88

    The second break down is actually mistaken. The Ducks’ ILBs are cross keying the RB and QB (albeit a bad cross key). The LILB (#46) ‘correctly’ keys and flows with the QB. The NT and LDE (Balducci and Armstead) both make a move into the left A-gap (the DE more appropriately) which leaves the B gap wide open for the ball carrier. Those two players even collide with each other when they enter the gap.

    • Kleptolia

      This is what I thought, as well. I think Armstead may have shed his block to the wrong side. Of course, I don’t know the call.

      It does appear that the LBs were looping around each other, with 46 keying on the QB and the other guy keyed on the RB

      Again, don’t know the exact call.

      Edit: looking at this play again: Ugh. What a mess.

    • KielWeiss88

      Actually I’m wrong, it’s not a bad cross key at all. #46 is keying in on the H-Back. When the H-Back attacks across the formation, #46 flows with and fills the left (camera’s perspective) A-gap. The other LB #22 fills the extra gap created by the H-Backs block, while the DE #44 closes down the B-gap very well. The DE on the other side just abandoned his gap (B-gap) which is what allowed Elliott to sprint free and clear up field.